Department of Agricultural Economics, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi
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Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a coarse cereal crop cultivated for grain and as a major food crop. It is one of the main staple food crops for the world’s poor and food insecure people in the semi-arid tropics of Africa and Asia. Maharashtra is the highest sorghum producing state in India. Coarse grains have been an important part of the poor person’s food due to their lower prices with respect to rice and wheat. Hence, coarse cereals were considered as poor man’s food. Poor people used to get good amount of nutrition at less cost. In recent times, due to the diseases like diabetes etc., doctors and dietician are emphasizing on including coarse cereals in the diet of people. external factors, such as rising incomes and urbanization are causing diets to shift towards diets that are higher in protein, fats and sugar. In addition, livestock and bio-fuel production have and will most likely grow at a faster rate than crop production. This is causing a shift away from crops like wheat and rice towards coarse grains and oilseeds to meet demand for food, feed and biofuel. Considering the importance of the crop following study has been performed to estimate the profitability and resource use efficiency of inputs under irrigated condition. Considering the importance of the crop, following study was undertaken. CACP Cost concept was used to estimate the profitability of the crop and Cobb Douglas production function was used to estimate the resource use efficiency.
Keywords: CACP Cost concept, Cobb Douglas, resource use efficiency, Sorghum
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